Chapter 7: Of God’s Covenant

PARA 1- Infinite distance between God and his creatures needed a covenant.

  • The distance between God and the creature is so great, that although reasonable creatures do owe obedience to him as their creator, yet they could never have attained the reward of life but by some voluntary condescension on God’s part, which he hath been pleased to express by way of covenant. ( Luke 17:10; Job 35:7,8 )

PARA -2 God’s covenant of grace to man under the curse of breaking the covenant of works

PARA 3- Glory of Covenant of Grace

3._____ This covenant is revealed in the gospel; first of all to Adam in the promise of salvation by the seed of the woman, and afterwards by farther steps, until the full discovery thereof was completed in the New Testament; and it is founded in that eternal covenant transaction that was between the Father and the Son about the redemption of the elect; and it is alone by the grace of this covenant that all the posterity of fallen Adam that ever were saved did obtain life and blessed immortality, man being now utterly incapable of acceptance with God upon those terms on which Adam stood in his state of innocency.
Genesis 3:15; Hebrews 1:1; 2 Timothy 1:9; Titus 1:2; Hebrews 11;6, 13; Romans 4:1, 2, &c.; Acts 4:12; John 8:56 )

OUTLINE

  1. Progressive revelation of covenant of grace
    • This covenant is revealed in the gospel; first of all to Adam in the promise of salvation by the seed of the woman, and afterwards by farther steps, until the full discovery thereof was completed in the New Testament; and
  2.  Parties involved in covenant of grace.
    • it is founded in that eternal covenant transaction that was between the Father and the Son about the redemption of the elect; and
  3. Exclusively of covenant of grace
    • it is alone by the grace of this covenant that all the posterity of fallen Adam that ever were saved did obtain life and blessed immortality, man being now utterly incapable of acceptance with God upon those terms on which Adam stood in his state of innocency

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