Chapter 13: Of Sanctification

PARA 1 – They who are united to Christ, effectually called, and regenerated, having a new heart and a new spirit created in them through the virtue of Christ’s death and resurrection, are also farther sanctified, really and personally, through the same virtue, by His Word and Spirit dwelling in them; the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed, and the several lusts thereof are more and more weakened and mortified, and they more and more quickened and strengthened in all saving graces, to the practice of all true holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord.

OUTLINE

  1. Who will be sanctified?
    • They who are united to Christ, effectually called, and regenerated, having a new heart and a new spirit created in them through the virtue of Christ’s death and resurrection, are also farther sanctified
  2. How will they be sanctified?
    • really and personally, through the same virtue,
  3. By what means will they be sanctified?
    • by His Word and Spirit dwelling in them; t
  4. What happens in sanctification?
    1. the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed, and
    2. the several lusts thereof are more and more weakened and mortified, and
    3. they more and more quickened and strengthened in all saving graces,
    4. to the practice of all true holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord.

PARA 2 – Process of sanctification is a lifetime continual and irreconcilable war!

                This sanctification is throughout the whole man, yet imperfect in this life; there abideth still some remnants of corruption in every part, whence ariseth a continual and irreconcilable war; the flesh lusting against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh.

PARA 3 – The final victory of sanctification

In which war, although the remaining corruption for a time may much prevail, yet through the continual supply of strength from the sanctifying Spirit of Christ, the regenerate part doth overcome; and so the saints grow in grace, perfecting holiness in the fear of God, pressing after an heavenly life, in evangelical obedience to all the commands which Christ as Head and King, in His Word hath prescribed them.

OUTLINE

  1. Sanctification through conflict
    • In which war, although the remaining corruption for a time may much prevail, yet through the continual supply of strength from the sanctifying Spirit of Christ,
  2. Five fruits of Sanctification
    1. the regenerate part doth overcome; and
    2. so the saints grow in grace
    3. perfecting holiness in the fear of God,
    4. pressing after an heavenly life,
    5. in evangelical obedience to all the commands which Christ as Head and King, in His Word hath prescribed them.

2 thoughts on “Chapter 13: Of Sanctification

  1. grbcindia February 8, 2023 / 8:14 am

    Aancy’s Notes on Para 1

    In sanctification, God works in us to make us more like Christ. It is a process throughout our life on earth where God works to conform us to the image of Christ.

    Confession says those who are united in Christ and effectually called and regenerated have a new heart and a new spirit created in the elected ones through the power of Christs’ death and the Resurrection. What this means is that who are regenerated and effectually called will have a new nature and are no longer enslaved by the old sinful and rebellious nature inherited from Adam. All these are through the power of Christs’ death and resurrection only. Christs’ work is the basis that we have a new nature. Next after having this new nature created in them, they are further sanctified, really and personally. To be sanctified means to be set apart and we being sanctified by the Holy Spirit, it means we are being made more like Christ. This sanctification is through the same power as our receiving the new nature that is by Christs’ death and resurrection. The way that He sanctifies us is by His
    1. Holy Spirit
    2. Word

    God works to sanctify us and make us more like Christ through the Spirit whom He has given us. Paul says that we are washed, sanctified and justified by the Spirit. So our regeneration, justification, sanctification are the work of the Spirit. So if at all the Spirit was not given us we would have been very hopeless. But God graciously gave His Spirit through Whom He works in us.
    Secondly God sanctifies through the Word. The means whereby we are sanctified and become more like Christ is through meeting God in Jesus Christ in the Word of God that His Spirit wrote down for us. We grow in grace as we grow in our knowledge of Christ. As we learn to behold and adore His beauty is the Word and through the Spirit, we will be able to transform into His image and be holy like Him.

    As the Confession tells us, by sanctification two things are accomplished. First, the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed, and the several lusts thereof are more and more weakened and mortified. Second, we are more and more quickened and strengthened in all saving graces, to the practice of all true holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord. As we have observed above so now we say again sanctification is a work of life and death. In sanctification, we do not merely focus on killing sin, but also on living unto righteousness. We do not merely focus on holiness, but also on the mortification of sin. The Westminster Shorter Catechism speaks of dying into sin, and living unto righteousness.

    So this is a continuous process wherein we battle and are at war with lusts and sins. Before regeneration and faith, we were unable and unwilling to do that which is pleasing to God. But now we are made able, by God and His Spirit to walk in His ways and to do which pleases Him. The Lord grants us holiness and calls us to holiness so that we would see Him. This should encourage us more and more to practice all true holiness, in worshipping God, reading His Word, praying, praising Him without which no man shall see the Lord.

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  2. grbcindia February 8, 2023 / 8:15 am

    Aancy Notes on Para 2 & 3

    In these two para’s we see that this sanctification is throughout the whole man, yet it is imperfect in this life. But this chapter also tells the way to overcome the remaining corruption.

    Since man was wholly defiled in all the capabilities and parts of soul and body by the fall, so likewise the sanctification extends throughout whole person. It touches upon all parts and capabilities of man, yet it is never completed in this life, because sadly there is still some corruption that remains in every part. We are freed from the dominion of sin but not its presence, and from this combination of sanctification and remaining corruptions in us, we have a continual and irreconcilable war between the spirit and flesh. As long as we live in this body of sin and in this sinful and fallen world, we will never have complete victory over sin. The war will rage throughout our life in this world. Bible says “For the desires of the flesh are against the Spirit and the desires of the spirit are against the flesh, for these are opposed to each other to keep you from doing the things you want to do.

    So we will always have two sorts of desires, there is no believer no matter how holy from the outside, if asked honestly will say that they do not struggle with sin and do not experience this spiritual war. So the way to avoid the desires of the flesh is by walking the Spirit. To walk in the Spirit means to have a close relationship with the Spirit and a lifestyle that is characterized by the work of the Spirit. When we, through the Spirit, behold the beauty of God, by meditating His words and prayer, we no longer crave and lust after sin but rather our joy and satisfaction will be found in God alone. But when we are weak and our satisfaction is not in God, we will seek the fleeting pleasures of sin. Therefore as long as this war rages, we will still be in need of sanctification. Because there will be times when we fall into sin in this war and we see our remaining corruption for a time may much prevail, yet by the strength from the sanctifying Spirit of Christ, the regenerate part overcomes this eventually. Moreover confession says that through this constant war the saints grow in grace and in performing holiness in the fear of God, trying to become more like Christ with each day. Pursuing an heavenly life not only in seeking for heaven but all the more in trying to live holy lives here on earth, in gospel obedience to all the commands of Christ as Head and King. We should heartily desire that which we despised before our regeneration that is to love and obey Christ.

    As conclusion
    As it is said in Galatians, we should grow in the fruit of the Spirit, as like love, joy, peace, patience and much more. So that we will learn to abstain from the passions and lusts of the flesh, and to not love the world or the things in the world. Instead of all these we should learn to become more obedient from the heart to the standard of teaching and grow in His grace, that we may not wander from Him but to cling onto Him and hold Him tightly and stop the thoughts of sin.
    And most importantly, whenever we will have those unclean sinful thoughts, we should remember that our most holy God takes sin very seriously!!

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